My research investigates how gender and race shape persons’ involvement in the criminal justice system. My major research areas are highlighted below. For a full list of publications, funding, and presentations, please refer to my Curriculum Vitae (CV link above).
Quantitative methods and analytic techniques
Scale development and validation
Advanced multivariate regression analyses
SPSS, Stata, and MPlus
Qualitative methods and analytic techniques
Interviews and focus groups
Participatory action research
Phenomenology and thematic analysis
MaxQDA and Atlas.ti
Intersections of Gender, Race, and System-Involvement
I utilize feminist and intersectional approaches to account for the distinct social realities shaping women's lives. I published several works related to gender-specific risk assessment (see Boppre & Salisbury, 2016; Salisbury, Boppre, & Kelly, 2016) as well as the gendered pathways perspective (Boppre & Boyer, 2019; Boppre, Salisbury, & Parker, 2018; Salisbury, Kalantry, Boppre, Brundige, & Martínez, 2018) and women's imprisonment internationally (Boppre, Miethe, Troshynski, & Salisbury, in press).
As evidenced by my prior research (Boppre & Harmon, 2017; Harmon & Boppre, 2018), Black women have been disproportionately represented within the criminal justice system. Thus, it is vital to understand how the intersections of gender, race, and social class impact women’s involvement in the criminal justice system. A major area of my research is centered around women's intersectional experiences and how they relate to system-involvement (Boppre, 2018). I advocate for intersectionally-responsive correctional strategies, which "recognize the interaction between gender, race, and other categories of difference that often impact persons' initial involvement in the criminal justice system, experiences on supervision and in treatment programming, as well as reentry in the community." (Boppre, 2019, p. 6).
Corrections and Sentencing
I also research various topics related to the correctional system, namely the impacts of mass incarceration and rehabilitation/reentry processes. As a graduate student, I was a research assistant on a Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) grant that used mixed methods (survey and focus groups) to assess agencies’ abilities to implement evidence-based practices in Oregon. My colleagues and I since published two articles from this project in the International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology (Boppre, Sundt, & Salisbury, 2018) and for a Special Issue on Community Corrections in Corrections: Policy, Practice, and Research (Salisbury, Sundt, & Boppre, 2019). As a whole, the project revealed the importance of using implementation science to ensure fidelity and sustainability of evidence-based practices.
My work on the BJA grant was pivotal towards cultivating partnerships with correctional agencies in the field. Soon after moving to Wichita, I became a co-investigator for an ongoing evaluation project with Sedgwick County Division of Corrections. This project ensures Sedgwick County uses evidence-based practices with high treatment fidelity. My current work on the project includes a mixed methods study of Drug Court clients' experiences in the program and the assessment of gender-responsive programming for juvenile girls.
Holistically, my research seeks to increase equity and effectiveness in correctional systems through evidence-based policy. Often, the needs of correctional clients are "out of sight, out of mind." By using qualitative participatory action research methods, I am able to amplify the voices of those under supervision.
Boppre, B. (2018). Intersections Between Gender, Race, and Justice-involvement: A Mixed Methods Analysis of Women's Experiences in the Oregon Criminal Justice System. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of Nevada, Las Vegas.
Boppre, B. (2019). Improving Correctional Strategies for Women at the Margins: Recommendations for an Intersectionally-Responsive Approach. Corrections: Policy, Practice, and Research, 4, 195-221.
Boppre, B., & Boyer, C. (In press). “The Traps Started during my Childhood”: The Role of Substance Abuse in Women’s Responses to Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs). Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma.
Boppre, B., & Harmon, M. G. (2017). The Unintended Consequences of Sentencing Reforms: Using Social Chain Theory to Examine Racial Disparities in Female Imprisonment. The Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice, 15, 394-423.
Boppre, B., Miethe, T. D., Troshynski, E. I., & Salisbury, E. J. (In press). Cross-National Differences in Women’s Imprisonment Rates: Exploring the Conditional Effects of Gender Inequality and Other Macro-Level Factors. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice.
Boppre, B., & Salisbury, E. J. (2016). The Women’s Risk Needs Assessment (WRNA): Putting Gender at the Forefront of Actuarial Risk Assessment. Blog Entry. Penal Reform International.
Boppre, B., Salisbury, E. J., & Parker, J. (2018). Pathways to Crime. In H. Pontell and K. Holtfreter (Eds.), Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Boppre, B., Sundt, J., & Salisbury, E. J. (2018). The Limitations and Strengths of the Evidence-Based Practice Attitude Scale (EBPAS) as a Measure of Correctional Employees’ Attitudes: A Psychometric Evaluation. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 62, 3947-3964.
Harmon, M. G., & Boppre, B. (2018). Women of Color and the War on Crime: An Explanation for the Rise in Female Black Imprisonment. The Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice, 16, 1-24.
Salisbury, E. J., Boppre, B., & Kelly, B. (2016). Gender-Responsive Risk and Need Assessment: Implications for the Treatment of Justice-Involved Women. In F. Taxman (Ed.), Division on Corrections and Sentencing, Volume 1, Handbook on Risk and Need Assessment: Theory and Practice. (p. 220-243). London: Taylor and Francis/Routledge.
Salisbury, E. J., Kalantry, S., Boppre, B., Brundige, E., & Martínez, S. (2018). Expanding the Feminist Pathways Perspective Beyond the United States: A Profile of Federal Women Prisoners in Argentina. Women & Criminal Justice, 28, 125-151.
Salisbury, E. J., Sundt, J., & Boppre, B. (2019). Mapping the Implementation Landscape: Assessing the Systematic Capacity of Statewide Community Corrections Agencies to Deliver Evidence-Based Practices. Corrections: Policy, Practice, and Research Special Issue on Community Corrections, 4, 19-38.
Highlighted are a couple of my current projects here.